Different Elements of Hardware Products

It is essential for every individual to consider knowing different elements of hardware products because it gives them a decent idea in terms of functionalities. There are various kinds of new and unique parts, which keep coming to the market. It is necessary for people to know those elements before using it because it lets them take maximum mileage of the features in an easy way.

These hardware products are equipped with software which are well tested by the black box testing tools.The latest advancement has always played an important role because it lets users save time without affecting the performance from time to time.

Different elements of hardware products

IC (Integrated Circuit)

A silicon chip containing hundreds, thousands, or millions of circuit elements such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, and inductors. RAM, ROM, microprocessors, and micro controllers are all examples of integrated circuits.


A highly conductive material that carries electrical signals to different parts of the die.


A very flat glass plate that contains the patterns to be reproduced on a wafer.

Micron or Micrometer

One-millionth of a meter.

Net List (or Netlist)

A computer file (sometimes a printed listing) containing a list of the signals in an electronic design and all of the circuit elements (transistors, resistors, capacitors, ICs, etc.) connected to that signal in the design.

Parasitic Extraction

Extracting unwanted circuit components (e.g., capacitors and resistors) in a design.

Place and Route

A layout task that positions major functional blocks or electronic components within an IC or on a pc board (Place) and the subsequent routing of appropriate electrical connections to those components (Route).


A flat glass plate contains the patterns to be reproduced on a wafer.

RTL (Register Transfer Level or Register Transfer Logic)

A register-level description of a digital electronic circuit (see “Hierarchy”). Registers store intermediate information between clock cycles in a digital circuit, so an RTL description describes what intermediate information is stored, where it is stored within t he design, and how that information moves through the design as it operates.


A class of material which can assume the properties of either a conductor or an insulator. Common Semiconductor materials are silicon (Si), germanium (Ge) and gallium arsenide (GaAs).

Signal Integrity

A condition whereby signals can be properly resolved in the presence of noise, interference, or cross talk.

Static Timing Analyzer

An EDA tool that exhaustively checks every signal path in a circuit to identify timing-related design problems.

Synthesis (also Logic Synthesis)

A computer process that transforms a circuit description from one level of abstraction to a lower level, usually towards some physical implementation. Synthesis is to hardware design what compilation is to software development. In fact, logic synthesis was originally called hardware compilation.

UDSM – Ultra Deep Sub-Micron.


The task of establishing the correctness of a design using EDA tools to automatically check the timing, connections, and rules used to design the circuit.

VHDL (VHSIC Hardware Description Language)

A hardware description language developed in the 1980s by IBM, Texas Instruments, and Intermetrics under US government contract for the Department of Defense’s VHSIC (Very High Speed Integrated Circuit ) program. VHDL enjoys a growing popularity with ASIC designers as VHDL development tools mature.

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